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74th Republic Day: A Celebration of the Foundation of Indian Constitution

To commemorate the occasion of the adoption of the Indian constitution, which gave India its unique identity as the largest democracy in the world, we observe Republic Day every year on January 26. Let's take a moment as India prepares to celebrate its 74th Republic Day to reflect on how far the Indian constitution's vision has been realised, how far we still have to go, and how citizens can work together to advance the country.

On August 15, 1947, India declared its independence from Britain however, for the first three years of its independence, the colonial Government of India Act of 1935 continued to play a significant role in the country's governance.

A constituent assembly chosen by provincial assemblies set about drafting the constitution that would govern the newly independent country not long after independence was declared. The Indian Constitution, which solidified the foundation of India's independent democratic government, was finished after more than two years. As a nod to the Indian National Congress' Purna Swaraj (complete self-rule) independence declaration from 1930, which is regarded as the first tangible step toward independence from Britain, January 26 was chosen as the official enactment date.

The Republic of India, a "sovereign socialist secular democratic republic" that "secures all its citizens justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity," was the name given to the nation by the 1950 constitution.

The holiday's centrepiece is a sizable parade that features cultural, historical, and military performances and is held in the capital city of New Delhi. Prior to the parade, the prime minister pays tribute to the fallen soldiers by placing a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, an arched war memorial.

The majority of businesses, schools, and government offices are closed, but there are still some smaller parades, cultural events, public celebrations, and private parties held across the nation. The Beating Retreat Ceremony in New Delhi, where bands from the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force perform, brings the celebrations to a formal close on January 29.

The main event for the holiday is a sizable parade that is held in New Delhi, the nation's capital, and that features cultural, historical, and military displays. The prime minister observes a moment of silence and places a wreath before the parade at the arched war memorial known as the Amar Jawan Jyoti.

Considering that most businesses, schools, and government offices are closed, smaller parades, cultural events, public celebrations, and private parties are held all across the nation. On January 29, the Beating Retreat Ceremony in New Delhi, which features performances by bands from the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force, brings the celebrations to a formal close.

January 25, 2023
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